n. pl. gym·na·si·ums or gym·na·si·a (-zē-ə)
1. A room or building equipped for indoor sports.
2. (gĭm-näzē-m′) An academic high school in some central European countries, especially Germany, that prepares students for the university.
[Latin, school, from Greek gumnasion, from gumnazein, to exercise naked, from gumnos, naked; see nogw- in the Appendix of Indo-European roots.]
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Indo-European & Semitic Roots Appendices
Thousands of entries in the dictionary include etymologies that trace their origins back to reconstructed proto-languages. You can obtain more information about these forms in our online appendices:
The Indo-European appendix covers nearly half of the Indo-European roots that have left their mark on English words. A more complete treatment of Indo-European roots and the English words derived from them is available in our Dictionary of Indo-European Roots.