tr.v. grat·i·fied, grat·i·fy·ing, grat·i·fies
1. To please or satisfy: My good grades gratify my parents. See Synonyms at please.
2. To give in to (a desire); indulge: He gratified his curiosity by going to the exhibit.
3. Archaic To reward.
[Middle English gratifien, to favor, from Latin grātificārī : grātus, pleasing; see gwerə-2 in the Appendix of Indo-European roots + -ficārī, -fy.]
grat′i·fi·cation (-fĭ-kāshən) n.
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2019 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Indo-European & Semitic Roots Appendices
Thousands of entries in the dictionary include etymologies that trace their origins back to reconstructed proto-languages. You can obtain more information about these forms in our online appendices:
The Indo-European appendix covers nearly half of the Indo-European roots that have left their mark on English words. A more complete treatment of Indo-European roots and the English words derived from them is available in our Dictionary of Indo-European Roots.