Past participle of give.
a. Specified; fixed: We will meet at a given time and location.
b. Granted as a supposition; acknowledged or assumed: Given the condition of the engine, it is a wonder that it even starts.
2. Having a tendency; inclined: My neighbor is given to lavish spending.
3. Bestowed as a gift; presented.
Something assumed or taken for granted: "It's a given that the writer of short stories will be keeping his day job" (Donald E. Westlake).
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2020 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Indo-European & Semitic Roots Appendices
Thousands of entries in the dictionary include etymologies that trace their origins back to reconstructed proto-languages. You can obtain more information about these forms in our online appendices:
The Indo-European appendix covers nearly half of the Indo-European roots that have left their mark on English words. A more complete treatment of Indo-European roots and the English words derived from them is available in our Dictionary of Indo-European Roots.