ghaz·al (gə-zäl, -zŭl)
1. A poetic form of Persian origin, consisting of five or more syntactically complete couplets linked by rhyme and the repetition of a closing word or phrase.
2. A poem in this form.
[Persian and Urdu ġazal (Urdu, from Persian), from Arabic, amatory poetry, from ġazila, to court, praise with amatory poetry; see ġzl in the Appendix of Semitic roots.]
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2020 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Indo-European & Semitic Roots Appendices
Thousands of entries in the dictionary include etymologies that trace their origins back to reconstructed proto-languages. You can obtain more information about these forms in our online appendices:
The Indo-European appendix covers nearly half of the Indo-European roots that have left their mark on English words. A more complete treatment of Indo-European roots and the English words derived from them is available in our Dictionary of Indo-European Roots.