1. A waterproof overshoe: I wear galoshes when it rains to keep my shoes dry.
2. Obsolete A sturdy heavy-soled boot or shoe.
[Middle English galoche, wooden-soled shoe, from Old French, of unknown origin.]
(click for a larger image)galosh
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2020 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Indo-European & Semitic Roots Appendices
Thousands of entries in the dictionary include etymologies that trace their origins back to reconstructed proto-languages. You can obtain more information about these forms in our online appendices:
The Indo-European appendix covers nearly half of the Indo-European roots that have left their mark on English words. A more complete treatment of Indo-European roots and the English words derived from them is available in our Dictionary of Indo-European Roots.