gal·an·gal (gălən-găl′, gə-lănggəl)
1. Either of two plants (Alpinia galanga or A. officinarum) of eastern Asia, having pungent, aromatic rhizomes used medicinally and as seasoning.
2. The dried roots of either of these plants. In both senses also called galingale.
[Middle English galingale, from Old French galingal, garingal, from Medieval Latin galinga, galanga, from Arabic ḫalunjān, ḫūlunjān, from Persian ḫūlanjān; probably akin to Sanskrit kulañjaḥ, kulañjanaḥ, galangal (A. galanga).]
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