1. A landed property, usually of considerable size.
a. One's property, both real and personal, vested and contingent, especially as disposed of in a will.
b. The nature and extent of an owner's rights with respect to land or other property.
3. Chiefly British A housing development.
4. The situation or circumstances of one's life: A child's estate gives way to the adult's estate.
5. Social position or rank, especially of high order.
6. A major social class, such as the clergy, the nobility, or the commons, formerly possessing distinct political rights.
[Middle English estat, condition, from Old French; see STATE.]
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2020 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Indo-European & Semitic Roots Appendices
Thousands of entries in the dictionary include etymologies that trace their origins back to reconstructed proto-languages. You can obtain more information about these forms in our online appendices:
The Indo-European appendix covers nearly half of the Indo-European roots that have left their mark on English words. A more complete treatment of Indo-European roots and the English words derived from them is available in our Dictionary of Indo-European Roots.