es·pal·ier (ĭ-spălyər, -yā′)
1. A tree or shrub that is trained to grow in a flat plane against a wall or trellis, often in a symmetrical pattern.
2. A trellis or other framework on which an espalier is grown.
tr.v. es·pal·iered, es·pal·ier·ing, es·pal·iers
1. To train as or on an espalier.
2. To provide with an espalier.
[French, from Italian spalliera, shoulder support, from spalla, shoulder, from Late Latin spatula, shoulder blade, from Latin; see SPATULA.]
(click for a larger image)espalier
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2018 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
The American Heritage Dictionary Blog
Check out our blog, updated regularly, for new words and revised definitions, interesting images from the 5th edition, discussions of usage, and more.