tr.v. en·grossed, en·gross·ing, en·gross·es
1. To occupy exclusively; absorb: a novel that engrosses every reader.
2. To acquire most or all of (a commodity); monopolize (a market).
a. To write or transcribe in a large, clear hand.
b. To write or print the final draft of (an official document).
[Middle English engrossen, to collect in large quantity, monopolize, from Old French engrossier, from en gros, in large quantity : en, in (from Latin in; see IN-2) + gros, large; see GROSS. Sense 3, from Middle English engrossen, to make a finished copy of a legal document, from Anglo-Norman engrosser, from Medieval Latin ingrossāre : Latin in-, in; see EN-1 + grossa, a copy in a large hand (from Late Latin grossus, thick).]
Synonyms: engross, absorb, consume, preoccupy
These verbs mean to possess or control exclusively: Her reading engrosses her. Studying absorbs all my time. Fear has consumed her. Financial worries preoccupied him.
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2020 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Indo-European & Semitic Roots Appendices
Thousands of entries in the dictionary include etymologies that trace their origins back to reconstructed proto-languages. You can obtain more information about these forms in our online appendices:
The Indo-European appendix covers nearly half of the Indo-European roots that have left their mark on English words. A more complete treatment of Indo-European roots and the English words derived from them is available in our Dictionary of Indo-European Roots.