en·dure (ĕn-dr, -dyr)
v. en·dured, en·dur·ing, en·dures
1. To carry on through, despite hardships; undergo or suffer: endure an Arctic winter.
2. To put up with; tolerate: I cannot endure your insolence any longer.
1. To continue in existence; last: buildings that have endured for centuries.
2. To suffer patiently without yielding.
[Middle English enduren, from Old French endurer, from Latin indūrāre, to make hard : in-, against, into; see EN-1 + dūrus, hard; see deru- in the Appendix of Indo-European roots.]
Synonyms: endure, bear1, stand, abide, suffer, tolerate
These verbs mean to put up with something, especially something difficult, annoying, or painful. Endure stresses forbearance in the face of ongoing difficulties: "Human life is everywhere a state in which much is to be endured and little to be enjoyed" (Samuel Johnson).
Bear can suggest a stalwart capacity to put up with something painful or unpleasant: "Those best can bear reproof who merit praise" (Alexander Pope).
Stand and the more formal abide often imply forbearance that comes from resolute self-control under provoking circumstances: He couldn't stand taking orders from anyone. She couldn't abide fools.
Suffer has a similar range but adds a suggestion of meekness or resignation: He suffered their insults in silence.
Tolerate, in this sense, generally connotes a reluctant or indulgent acceptance: "Young Konrad loved animals, and his parents tolerated the many household pets he acquired—birds, a dog, fish, a lemur" (Dale Peterson).
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2022 by HarperCollins Publishers. All rights reserved.
Indo-European & Semitic Roots Appendices
Thousands of entries in the dictionary include etymologies that trace their origins back to reconstructed proto-languages. You can obtain more information about these forms in our online appendices:
The Indo-European appendix covers nearly half of the Indo-European roots that have left their mark on English words. A more complete treatment of Indo-European roots and the English words derived from them is available in our Dictionary of Indo-European Roots.