1. A clitic that is attached to the end of another word. In Give 'em the works, the pronoun 'em is an enclitic.
2. A clitic.
Of or relating to an enclitic or enclisis; forming an accentual unit with the preceding word.
[Late Latin encliticus, from Greek enklitikos, from enklīnein, to lean on : en-, on, in; see EN-2 + klīnein, to lean; see klei- in the Appendix of Indo-European roots.]
en·cliti·cize′ (-ə-sīz′) v.
en·clit′i·ci·zation (-ə-sĭ-zāshən), enclis·is (-klĭs-ĭs) n.
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2019 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Indo-European & Semitic Roots Appendices
Thousands of entries in the dictionary include etymologies that trace their origins back to reconstructed proto-languages. You can obtain more information about these forms in our online appendices:
The Indo-European appendix covers nearly half of the Indo-European roots that have left their mark on English words. A more complete treatment of Indo-European roots and the English words derived from them is available in our Dictionary of Indo-European Roots.