A type of wheat (Triticum dicoccum or T. dicoccon syn. T. turgidum subsp. dicoccum or dicoccon) typically having two seeds per spikelet, first cultivated in the Neolithic period and widely grown in the Middle East and Europe through the Bronze Age. It is now grown in parts of Eurasia and Africa. Also called farro.
[German, from Middle High German amer, emeri, from Old High German amaro, amari; akin to Old Saxon amer and ultimately of unknown origin.]
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2020 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Indo-European & Semitic Roots Appendices
Thousands of entries in the dictionary include etymologies that trace their origins back to reconstructed proto-languages. You can obtain more information about these forms in our online appendices:
The Indo-European appendix covers nearly half of the Indo-European roots that have left their mark on English words. A more complete treatment of Indo-European roots and the English words derived from them is available in our Dictionary of Indo-European Roots.