e·mir (ĭ-mîr, ā-mîr) also a·mir (ə-mîr, ā-mîr)
A prince, chieftain, or governor, especially in the Middle East.
[French émir, from Arabic 'amīr, commander, prince, from 'amara, to command; see ʾmr in the Appendix of Semitic roots.]
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2019 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Indo-European & Semitic Roots Appendices
Thousands of entries in the dictionary include etymologies that trace their origins back to reconstructed proto-languages. You can obtain more information about these forms in our online appendices:
The Indo-European appendix covers nearly half of the Indo-European roots that have left their mark on English words. A more complete treatment of Indo-European roots and the English words derived from them is available in our Dictionary of Indo-European Roots.