1. One who bears a cross in a religious procession.
2. A plant in the mustard family.
[Late Latin : Latin crux, cruc-, cross + Latin -fer, -fer. Sense 2, from New Latin Cruciferae, alternative scientific name of the mustard family, from Late Latin crucifer (from the family's crosslike four-petaled flowers typically borne at the end of stalks ).]
cru·cifer·ous (-sĭfər-əs) adj.
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2020 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Indo-European & Semitic Roots Appendices
Thousands of entries in the dictionary include etymologies that trace their origins back to reconstructed proto-languages. You can obtain more information about these forms in our online appendices:
The Indo-European appendix covers nearly half of the Indo-European roots that have left their mark on English words. A more complete treatment of Indo-European roots and the English words derived from them is available in our Dictionary of Indo-European Roots.