1. A binding agreement; a compact. See Synonyms at agreement.
a. A condition in a contract such as a deed or lease, nonperformance or violation of which gives rise to a cause of action for breach.
b. A contract.
3. In the Bible, a divine promise establishing or modifying God's relationship to humanity or to a particular group.
4. One of the agreements supported by a Covenanter.
v. cov·e·nant·ed, cov·e·nant·ing, cov·e·nants
To promise by a covenant.
To enter into a covenant.
[Middle English, from Old French, from present participle of convenir, to agree; see CONVENE.]
cov′e·nantal (-năntl) adj.
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2019 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Indo-European & Semitic Roots Appendices
Thousands of entries in the dictionary include etymologies that trace their origins back to reconstructed proto-languages. You can obtain more information about these forms in our online appendices:
The Indo-European appendix covers nearly half of the Indo-European roots that have left their mark on English words. A more complete treatment of Indo-European roots and the English words derived from them is available in our Dictionary of Indo-European Roots.