1. A husband or wife, especially the spouse of a monarch.
2. A companion or partner.
3. An animal with which another animal, usually of the opposite sex, forms a bond for a temporary period during which the two individuals maintain close proximity and engage in mating or other sexual behavior.
4. A ship accompanying another in travel.
5. Partnership; association: governed in consort with her advisers.
6. A group; a company: a consort of fellow diplomats.
a. An instrumental ensemble.
b. An ensemble using instruments of the same family.
v. (kən-sôrt) con·sort·ed, con·sort·ing, con·sorts
1. To keep company; associate: a politician known to consort with gangsters.
2. To be in accord or agreement.
1. To unite in company; associate.
a. To escort; accompany.
b. To espouse.
[Middle English, colleague, from Old French, from Latin cōnsors, cōnsort- : com-, com- + sors, fate; see ser-2 in the Appendix of Indo-European roots.]
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2020 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Indo-European & Semitic Roots Appendices
Thousands of entries in the dictionary include etymologies that trace their origins back to reconstructed proto-languages. You can obtain more information about these forms in our online appendices:
The Indo-European appendix covers nearly half of the Indo-European roots that have left their mark on English words. A more complete treatment of Indo-European roots and the English words derived from them is available in our Dictionary of Indo-European Roots.