tr.v. con·demned, con·demn·ing, con·demns
1. To express strong disapproval of: condemned the needless waste of food. See Synonyms at criticize.
2. To pronounce judgment against; sentence: condemned the felons to prison.
3. To judge or declare to be unfit for use or consumption, usually by official order: condemn an old building.
4. To force (someone) to experience, endure, or do something: "Those who cannot remember the past are condemned to repeat it" (George Santayana).
5. To lend credence to or provide evidence for an adverse judgment against: were condemned by their actions.
6. Law To appropriate (property) for public use.
[Middle English condemnen, from Old French condemner, from Latin condemnāre : com-, intensive pref.; see COM- + damnāre, to sentence (from damnum, penalty).]
con·demna·ble (-dĕmnə-bəl) adj.
con·demna·to′ry (-nə-tôr′ē) adj.
con·demner (-dĕmər), con·demnor (-dĕmər, -dĕm-nôr) n.
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2022 by HarperCollins Publishers. All rights reserved.
Indo-European & Semitic Roots Appendices
Thousands of entries in the dictionary include etymologies that trace their origins back to reconstructed proto-languages. You can obtain more information about these forms in our online appendices:
The Indo-European appendix covers nearly half of the Indo-European roots that have left their mark on English words. A more complete treatment of Indo-European roots and the English words derived from them is available in our Dictionary of Indo-European Roots.