cha·ri·va·ri (shĭv′ə-rē, shĭvə-rē′)
n. pl. cha·ri·va·ris
1. Regional See shivaree.
2. An introductory piece at the beginning of a circus, featuring all the performers who will be appearing later in the show.
[French, from Old French, perhaps from Late Latin carībaria, headache, from Greek karēbariā : karē, head; see ker-1 in the Appendix of Indo-European roots + barus, heavy; see gwerə-1 in the Appendix of Indo-European roots.]
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2020 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Indo-European & Semitic Roots Appendices
Thousands of entries in the dictionary include etymologies that trace their origins back to reconstructed proto-languages. You can obtain more information about these forms in our online appendices:
The Indo-European appendix covers nearly half of the Indo-European roots that have left their mark on English words. A more complete treatment of Indo-European roots and the English words derived from them is available in our Dictionary of Indo-European Roots.