1. The inner room or sanctuary of an ancient Greek or Roman temple, in which the statue of the god was situated.
2. In Byzantine architecture, the area of a centrally planned church in which the liturgy is performed.In both senses also callednaos.
[Latin; see kel-1 in the Appendix of Indo-European roots.]
(click for a larger image)cella
plan of the Treasury of the Athenians
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2019 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Indo-European & Semitic Roots Appendices
Thousands of entries in the dictionary include etymologies that trace their origins back to reconstructed proto-languages. You can obtain more information about these forms in our online appendices:
The Indo-European appendix covers nearly half of the Indo-European roots that have left their mark on English words. A more complete treatment of Indo-European roots and the English words derived from them is available in our Dictionary of Indo-European Roots.