1. A binary compound consisting of carbon and a more electropositive element, especially calcium.
2. Any of various hard durable materials made of compacted binary compounds of carbon, especially those with silicon, boron, or a heavy metal, used as abrasives and in tools that cut metal.
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Indo-European & Semitic Roots Appendices
Thousands of entries in the dictionary include etymologies that trace their origins back to reconstructed proto-languages. You can obtain more information about these forms in our online appendices:
The Indo-European appendix covers nearly half of the Indo-European roots that have left their mark on English words. A more complete treatment of Indo-European roots and the English words derived from them is available in our Dictionary of Indo-European Roots.