A narrow chasm with steep cliff walls, cut into the earth by running water; a gorge.
[Spanish cañón, possibly augmentative of caña, tube, cane (from Latin canna, reed; see CANE) or alteration of callón, canyon (from augmentative of calle, street, road, from Latin callis, path, of unknown origin).]
(click for a larger image)canyon
Blyde River Canyon Mpumalanga, South Africa
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2022 by HarperCollins Publishers. All rights reserved.
Indo-European & Semitic Roots Appendices
Thousands of entries in the dictionary include etymologies that trace their origins back to reconstructed proto-languages. You can obtain more information about these forms in our online appendices:
The Indo-European appendix covers nearly half of the Indo-European roots that have left their mark on English words. A more complete treatment of Indo-European roots and the English words derived from them is available in our Dictionary of Indo-European Roots.