cal·cine (kăl-sīn, kălsīn′)
v. cal·cined, cal·cin·ing, cal·cines
1. To heat (a substance) to a high temperature but below the melting or fusing point, causing loss of moisture or volatile impurities, reduction or oxidation, and the decomposition of carbonates and other compounds.
2. To convert (liquid material, especially radioactive wastes) to granular solids by drying at very high temperatures.
To be calcined.
A substance produced by calcining.
[Middle English calcinen, from Old French calciner, from Medieval Latin calcīnāre, from Late Latin calcīna, quicklime, from Latin calx, calc-, lime; see CALX.]
cal′ci·nation (-sə-nāshən) n.
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2022 by HarperCollins Publishers. All rights reserved.
Indo-European & Semitic Roots Appendices
Thousands of entries in the dictionary include etymologies that trace their origins back to reconstructed proto-languages. You can obtain more information about these forms in our online appendices:
The Indo-European appendix covers nearly half of the Indo-European roots that have left their mark on English words. A more complete treatment of Indo-European roots and the English words derived from them is available in our Dictionary of Indo-European Roots.