bog (bôg, bŏg)
a. An area having a wet, spongy, acidic substrate composed chiefly of sphagnum moss and peat in which characteristic shrubs and herbs and sometimes trees usually grow.
b. Any of certain other wetland areas, such as a fen, having a peat substrate. Also called peat bog.
2. An area of soft, naturally waterlogged ground.
3. Chiefly British Slang A restroom or toilet.
v. bogged, bog·ging, bogs
1. To cause to sink in a bog: The bus got bogged down in the muddy road.
2. To hinder or slow: The project got bogged down in haggling about procedures.
To be hindered and slowed.
[Irish Gaelic bogach, from bog, soft; see bheug- in the Appendix of Indo-European roots.]
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2018 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Indo-European & Semitic Roots Appendices
Thousands of entries in the dictionary include etymologies that trace their origins back to reconstructed proto-languages. You can obtain more information about these forms in our online appendices:
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