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ban 1 (băn)
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tr.v. banned, ban·ning, bans
1.
a. To prohibit (an action) or forbid the use of (something), especially by official decree: banned smoking in theaters; banned pesticides in parks. See Synonyms at forbid.
b. To refuse to allow (someone) to do something, go somewhere, or be a participant; exclude: a coach who was banned from the sidelines for two games; a gambler who was banned from the club.
2. South African Under the former system of apartheid, to deprive (a person suspected of illegal activity) of the right of free movement and association with others.
3. Archaic To curse.
n.
1. An excommunication or condemnation by church officials.
2. A prohibition imposed by law or official decree.
3. Censure, condemnation, or disapproval expressed especially by public opinion.
4. A summons to arms in feudal times.
5. Archaic A curse; an imprecation.

[Middle English bannen, to summon, banish, curse, from Old English bannan, to summon, and from Old Norse banna, to prohibit, curse; see bhā-2 in the Appendix of Indo-European roots.]

The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2018 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
 
ban 2 (bän)
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n. pl. ba·ni (bänē)
A unit of currency equal to 1/100 of the primary unit of currency in Romania and Moldova.

[Romanian, coin, coin of small worth, perhaps of Germanic origin and akin to Old High German ban, official proclamation, command (the original medieval Romanian coin being so called because coins were necessary to pay fines and feudal dues) and to Old English bannan, to summon; see BAN1.]

The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2018 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
 

Indo-European & Semitic Roots Appendices

    Thousands of entries in the dictionary include etymologies that trace their origins back to reconstructed proto-languages. You can obtain more information about these forms in our online appendices:

    Indo-European Roots

    Semitic Roots

    The Indo-European appendix covers nearly half of the Indo-European roots that have left their mark on English words. A more complete treatment of Indo-European roots and the English words derived from them is available in our Dictionary of Indo-European Roots.

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