1. The substitution of a title or epithet for a proper name, as in calling a sovereign "Your Majesty."
2. The substitution of a personal name for a common noun to designate a member of a group or class, as in calling a traitor a "Benedict Arnold."
[Latin, from Greek antonomazein, to name instead : anti-, instead of; see ANTI- + onomazein, to name (from onoma, name; see n-men- in the Appendix of Indo-European roots).]
an′to·no·mastic (-măstĭk) adj.
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2018 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Indo-European & Semitic Roots Appendices
Thousands of entries in the dictionary include etymologies that trace their origins back to reconstructed proto-languages. You can obtain more information about these forms in our online appendices:
The Indo-European appendix covers nearly half of the Indo-European roots that have left their mark on English words. A more complete treatment of Indo-European roots and the English words derived from them is available in our Dictionary of Indo-European Roots.