In international law, the right of a belligerent to seize and use the property of a neutral where that property is within the belligerent's jurisdiction, there is pressing need, and compensation is provided. Also called angaria.
[Late Latin angaria, villeinage, service to a lord, from Greek angareia, impressment for public service, from angaros, conscript courier, probably ultimately from Old Iranian *hamkāra-, herald; akin to Avestan ham-kāraiia-, to praise, celebrate : ham-, intensive prefix + kar-, to celebrate, praise (akin to Greek kērux, herald, and Sanskrit kāruḥ, praise-singer). Alternatively, Greek angaros, ultimately from Old Persian *angarā, missive, letter, from dialectal Aramaic *’engarā, absolute state of *’engartā, variant of ’iggartā, ’engirtā, missive, letter, from Akkadian egirtu, inscribed tablet (perhaps especially one not written in cuneiform characters or Akkadian), from egēru, to be difficult or perverse; akin to Amharic aggärä and Arabic ḥajara, to hinder.]
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Indo-European & Semitic Roots Appendices
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