1. A condition of pain, suffering, or distress: the affliction of arthritis. See Synonyms at trial.
2. A cause of pain, suffering, or distress: "The mount twists wind and weather to alter them into afflictions as a heartless monarch does laws" (William Least Heat-Moon). See Synonyms at burden.
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2022 by HarperCollins Publishers. All rights reserved.
Indo-European & Semitic Roots Appendices
Thousands of entries in the dictionary include etymologies that trace their origins back to reconstructed proto-languages. You can obtain more information about these forms in our online appendices:
The Indo-European appendix covers nearly half of the Indo-European roots that have left their mark on English words. A more complete treatment of Indo-European roots and the English words derived from them is available in our Dictionary of Indo-European Roots.