a. A building material consisting of clay mixed with straw or dung, fashioned into sun-dried bricks or used as mortar or plaster.
b. A brick of this material.
c. The clay or soil used in making this material.
2. A structure built with adobe bricks.
[Spanish, fromArabicaṭ-ṭūba, the brick : al-, the + ṭūba, a brick, singulative ofṭūb, bricks (fromCoptictōbe, tōōbe, fromEgyptianḏbt, brick).]
(click for a larger image)adobe
Taos Pueblo, New Mexico
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2022 by HarperCollins Publishers. All rights reserved.
Indo-European & Semitic Roots Appendices
Thousands of entries in the dictionary include etymologies that trace their origins back to reconstructed proto-languages. You can obtain more information about these forms in our online appendices:
The Indo-European appendix covers nearly half of the Indo-European roots that have left their mark on English words. A more complete treatment of Indo-European roots and the English words derived from them is available in our Dictionary of Indo-European Roots.