An ornament note that is one half step or one whole step higher or lower than a principal note and is sounded at the same time as the principal note, adding dissonance to a harmony.
[Italian, a crushing, acciaccatura, from acciaccare, to crush, weaken, from acciacco, ailment, from Spanish achaque, ailment, defect, excuse, from achacar, to blame, from Arabic al-šakwa, the complaint : al-, the + šakwa, complaint, grievance (from šakā, to complain, suffer).]
(click for a larger image)acciaccatura
left: C note without acciaccatura
bottom: C note with acciaccatura
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2022 by HarperCollins Publishers. All rights reserved.
Indo-European & Semitic Roots Appendices
Thousands of entries in the dictionary include etymologies that trace their origins back to reconstructed proto-languages. You can obtain more information about these forms in our online appendices:
The Indo-European appendix covers nearly half of the Indo-European roots that have left their mark on English words. A more complete treatment of Indo-European roots and the English words derived from them is available in our Dictionary of Indo-European Roots.