An influential text of the Jewish tradition of kabbalah, written in Aramaic and Hebrew. Although it is popularly attributed to a second-century rabbi, most of it was probably composed in the late 13th century by a Spanish kabbalist drawing upon earlier traditions.
[Hebrew zōhar, brightness, glow, from hizhîr, to shine; see zhr in the Appendix of Semitic roots.]
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2018 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Indo-European & Semitic Roots Appendices
Thousands of entries in the dictionary include etymologies that trace their origins back to reconstructed proto-languages. You can obtain more information about these forms in our online appendices:
The Indo-European appendix covers nearly half of the Indo-European roots that have left their mark on English words. A more complete treatment of Indo-European roots and the English words derived from them is available in our Dictionary of Indo-European Roots.