1. Of or relating to medieval Scandinavia or its peoples, languages, or cultures.
2. Of or relating to Norway or its people, language, or culture.
3. Of, relating to, or being the branch of the North Germanic languages that includes Norwegian, Icelandic, and Faroese.
a. The people of Scandinavia; the Scandinavians.
b. The people of Norway; the Norwegians.
c. Speakers of Norwegian, Icelandic, and Faroese.
a. See North Germanic.
b. Any of the West Scandinavian languages, especially Norwegian.
[Probably Dutch Noorsch, Scandinavian, from Middle Dutch Noortsch, from nort, north; see ner-1 in the Appendix of Indo-European roots.]
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2018 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Indo-European & Semitic Roots Appendices
Thousands of entries in the dictionary include etymologies that trace their origins back to reconstructed proto-languages. You can obtain more information about these forms in our online appendices:
The Indo-European appendix covers nearly half of the Indo-European roots that have left their mark on English words. A more complete treatment of Indo-European roots and the English words derived from them is available in our Dictionary of Indo-European Roots.