The capital and largest city of Cyprus, in the north-central part of the island. Founded probably before the seventh century BC, it fell to the Venetians in 1489 and the Turks in 1571. It became the capital when Cyprus gained independence in 1960.
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Indo-European & Semitic Roots Appendices
Thousands of entries in the dictionary include etymologies that trace their origins back to reconstructed proto-languages. You can obtain more information about these forms in our online appendices:
The Indo-European appendix covers nearly half of the Indo-European roots that have left their mark on English words. A more complete treatment of Indo-European roots and the English words derived from them is available in our Dictionary of Indo-European Roots.