1. A wine bottle holding 3 liters (approximately 0.8 gallon) of sparkling wine.
2. A wine bottle holding 4.5 liters (approximately 1.2 gallons) of still wine.
[So called (in reference to the bottle's size and the drunkenness caused by wine) after Jeroboam I (died c. 901 BC), king of northern Israel described in the Bible as "a mighty man of valor" (I Kings 11:28) "who made Israel to sin" (14:16).]
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2019 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Indo-European & Semitic Roots Appendices
Thousands of entries in the dictionary include etymologies that trace their origins back to reconstructed proto-languages. You can obtain more information about these forms in our online appendices:
The Indo-European appendix covers nearly half of the Indo-European roots that have left their mark on English words. A more complete treatment of Indo-European roots and the English words derived from them is available in our Dictionary of Indo-European Roots.