gab·er·dine (găbər-dēn′, găb′ər-dēn)
1. A long, coarse cloak or frock worn especially by Jews during the Middle Ages. Also called gabardine.
2. Chiefly British A laborer's long loose smock.
3. See gabardine.
[Obsolete French gauvardine, from Old French galvardine, perhaps from Middle High German wallevart, pilgrimage : wallen, to roam (from Old High German wallōn; see wel-2 in the Appendix of Indo-European roots) + vart, journey (from Old High German, from faran, to go; see per-2 in the Appendix of Indo-European roots).]
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Indo-European & Semitic Roots Appendices
Thousands of entries in the dictionary include etymologies that trace their origins back to reconstructed proto-languages. You can obtain more information about these forms in our online appendices:
The Indo-European appendix covers nearly half of the Indo-European roots that have left their mark on English words. A more complete treatment of Indo-European roots and the English words derived from them is available in our Dictionary of Indo-European Roots.