E·lam (ēləm) also Su·si·a·na (s′zē-änə, -ănə)
An ancient country of southwest Asia located in what is now southwest Iran. Established before 3000 BC, Elam was frequently in conflict with Mesopotamian kingdoms during the next three millennia. Elam was eventually absorbed into the Persian Empire, although the Elamite language continued to be written until the 4th century BC.
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Indo-European & Semitic Roots Appendices
Thousands of entries in the dictionary include etymologies that trace their origins back to reconstructed proto-languages. You can obtain more information about these forms in our online appendices:
The Indo-European appendix covers nearly half of the Indo-European roots that have left their mark on English words. A more complete treatment of Indo-European roots and the English words derived from them is available in our Dictionary of Indo-European Roots.