A god widely worshipped by the Mesopotamians, Amorites, Phoenicians, and other peoples of the ancient Near East and often associated with grain, agriculture, and storms. In the Bible, he is presented as the chief god of the Philistines, and traditions dating from the first half of the first millennium AD depict him in the form of a merman.
[Hebrew dāgôn, of Phoenician origin; see dgn in the Appendix of Semitic roots.]
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2018 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Indo-European & Semitic Roots Appendices
Thousands of entries in the dictionary include etymologies that trace their origins back to reconstructed proto-languages. You can obtain more information about these forms in our online appendices:
The Indo-European appendix covers nearly half of the Indo-European roots that have left their mark on English words. A more complete treatment of Indo-European roots and the English words derived from them is available in our Dictionary of Indo-European Roots.