Cae·sa·re·a (sē′zə-rēə, sĕs′ə-, sĕz′ə-)
1. also Caesarea Pal·e·sti·nae (păl′ĭ-stīnē) An ancient seaport of Palestine south of present-day Haifa, Israel. It was founded (30 BC) by Herod the Great and later became the capital of Roman Judea. The city was destroyed by Muslims in 1265.
2. also Caesarea Phil·ip·pi (fĭlĭ-pī, fĭ-lĭpī) An ancient city of northern Palestine near Mount Hermon in present-day southwest Syria. It was built in the first century AD on the site of a center for the worship of Pan.
3. also Caesarea Maz·a·ca (măzə-kə) An ancient city of Cappadocia on the site of present-day Kayseri in central Turkey. The chief city of the region, it was destroyed by Persians in AD 260.
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2020 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Indo-European & Semitic Roots Appendices
Thousands of entries in the dictionary include etymologies that trace their origins back to reconstructed proto-languages. You can obtain more information about these forms in our online appendices:
The Indo-European appendix covers nearly half of the Indo-European roots that have left their mark on English words. A more complete treatment of Indo-European roots and the English words derived from them is available in our Dictionary of Indo-European Roots.