A genus of extinct hominins known from fossil remains found in eastern Africa and dating from about 5.8 to 4.4 million years ago. Ardipithecus is widely considered to be ancestral to Australopithecus.
[New Latin Ardipithēcus, genus name : Afar (language of the area of Ethiopia where remains of the hominins were found) ardi, earth, ground (from Arabic 'arḍ; see ʾr in the Appendix of Semitic roots) + Greek pithēkos, ape (of unknown origin).]
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