Ahura Mazda's adversary, the chief spirit of darkness and evil in Zoroastrianism.
[Persian ahriman, from Middle Persian ahraman, from Avestan aŋrō mainiiuš, the evil spirit : aŋra-, evil; akin to Sanskrit asra-, painful (both Avestan and Sanskrit, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *asra-, of unknown origin) + mainiiuš, spirit; see men-1 in the Appendix of Indo-European roots.]
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Indo-European & Semitic Roots Appendices
Thousands of entries in the dictionary include etymologies that trace their origins back to reconstructed proto-languages. You can obtain more information about these forms in our online appendices:
The Indo-European appendix covers nearly half of the Indo-European roots that have left their mark on English words. A more complete treatment of Indo-European roots and the English words derived from them is available in our Dictionary of Indo-European Roots.