a. A widely cultivated evergreen tree (Olea europaea) native to the Mediterranean region, having fragrant white flowers, gray-green lance-shaped leathery leaves, and edible fruit with oil-rich flesh surrounding a hard stone.
b. The small oval fruit of this tree, usually changing in color from green to black as it ripens, used for food and as a source of oil.
c. Any of various similar or related plants, such as the Russian olive.
2. A yellow green of low to medium lightness and low to moderate saturation.
[Middle English, from Latin olīva, from Greek *elaiwā, elaiā.]
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2022 by HarperCollins Publishers. All rights reserved.
Indo-European & Semitic Roots Appendices
Thousands of entries in the dictionary include etymologies that trace their origins back to reconstructed proto-languages. You can obtain more information about these forms in our online appendices:
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