with·hold (wĭth-hōld, wĭth-)
tr.v. with·held (-hĕld), with·hold·ing, with·holds
1. To refrain from giving or granting: withhold information; withhold judgment. See Synonyms at keep.
2. To keep in check; restrain: I was unable to withhold my laughter.
3. To deduct (withholding tax) from an employee's salary.
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2022 by HarperCollins Publishers. All rights reserved.
Indo-European & Semitic Roots Appendices
Thousands of entries in the dictionary include etymologies that trace their origins back to reconstructed proto-languages. You can obtain more information about these forms in our online appendices:
The Indo-European appendix covers nearly half of the Indo-European roots that have left their mark on English words. A more complete treatment of Indo-European roots and the English words derived from them is available in our Dictionary of Indo-European Roots.