Sho·sho·ne also Sho·sho·ni (shō-shōnē)
n. pl. Shoshone or Sho·sho·nes also Shoshoni or Sho·sho·nis
1. A member of a Native American people formerly inhabiting parts of Idaho, northern Utah, eastern Oregon, and western Montana, with a present-day population mostly in southeast Idaho. Also called Northern Shoshone, Snake1.
2. A member of a Native American people formerly inhabiting the Great Basin area of Idaho, Utah, and Nevada south to Death Valley, California, with a present-day population mostly in Nevada. Also called Western Shoshone.
3. A member of a Native American people inhabiting the Wind River valley of western Wyoming. Also called Eastern Shoshone, Wind River Shoshone.
4. Any of the Uto-Aztecan languages of any of the Shoshone peoples.
[Probably from an Eastern Shoshone band name.]
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2020 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Indo-European & Semitic Roots Appendices
Thousands of entries in the dictionary include etymologies that trace their origins back to reconstructed proto-languages. You can obtain more information about these forms in our online appendices:
The Indo-European appendix covers nearly half of the Indo-European roots that have left their mark on English words. A more complete treatment of Indo-European roots and the English words derived from them is available in our Dictionary of Indo-European Roots.