col·lect 1 (kə-lĕkt)
v. col·lect·ed, col·lect·ing, col·lects
a. To bring together in a group or mass; gather: The teacher collected the exams.
b. To accumulate as a hobby or for study: collect old coins; collect folk tales. See Synonyms at gather.
2. To call for and obtain payment of: collect taxes.
3. To be the site for (an accumulating mass), especially as a consequence of disuse or neglect: My guitar is collecting dust in the corner.
4. To recover control of: collect one's emotions.
5. To call for (someone); pick up: collected the children and drove home.
1. To come together in a group or mass; gather: Sand collected in the crevices.
2. To take in payments or donations: collecting for charity.
adv. & adj.
With payment to be made by the receiver: called collect; a collect phone call.
[Middle English collecten, from Latin colligere, collēct- : com-, com- + legere, to gather; see leg- in the Appendix of Indo-European roots.]
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2022 by HarperCollins Publishers. All rights reserved.
Indo-European & Semitic Roots Appendices
Thousands of entries in the dictionary include etymologies that trace their origins back to reconstructed proto-languages. You can obtain more information about these forms in our online appendices:
The Indo-European appendix covers nearly half of the Indo-European roots that have left their mark on English words. A more complete treatment of Indo-European roots and the English words derived from them is available in our Dictionary of Indo-European Roots.